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Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island is a small island in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia (France), 1,412 kilometres directly east of mainland Australia's Evans Head, and about 900 kilometres from Lord Howe Island. The island is part of the Commonwealth of Australia, but it enjoys a large degree of self-governance. Together with two neighbouring islands, it forms one of Australia's external territories. It has 2,300 people living on 35 km2. Its capital is Kingston.

Originally settled by East Polynesians, Norfolk Island was colonised by Great Britain as part of its settlement of Australia in 1788. The island served as a convict penal settlement until May 1855, except for an 11-year hiatus between 1814 and 1825, when it was abandoned. In 1856 permanent civilian residence on the island began when it was settled from Pitcairn. In 1901, the island became a part of the Commonwealth of Australia which it has remained until this day.

The evergreen Norfolk Island pine is a symbol of the island and thus pictured on its flag. Native to the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island,
being a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australia, where two related species grow, and also in Europe.

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Coastline Coastline Coastline Coastline Coastline
Common noddy and nest
Convict accommodation Convict accommodation Convict times Crab
Crimson Rosella Grasshopper Grey Fantail Historic outhouse Jungle fowl
Norfolk Island historical building Norfolk Island historical buildings Norfolk Island historical building Norfolk Island historical building Norfolk Island historical building
Norfolk Island historical building Norfolk Island historical building Norfolk Island Pines Norfolk Island Pines Norfolk Island Pines
Norfolk Island Pines Norfolk Island Pines Old boats Old boats Old boats
Our accommodation - tucked away Our accommodation - tucked away Our accommodation - tucked away Pacific robin - female Rainforest
Rainforest Rainforest Rainforest Rainforest fungus Rainforest fungus
Red tailed tropic bird Sacred kingfisher White faced heron White tern